Modern Period 1st part (Edwardian age)

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The Modern Period is divided into two parts.
One of it is Edwardian age. Now we are trying to discuss about the 1st part of Modern Period , namely Edwardian age.

The first decade of the twentieth century (1901-1910) is called Edwardian age due to the fact that King Edward VII reigned over England during this decade. Some historians, however, think that the literary trends of this age continued until the outbreak of World War I in 1914; there are some others who think that those trends continued until the end of the First World War in 1918. Opinions about the end of this age vary because the literary features of this period did not have sharp closing point in time.

The important facts which influenced the literature of this period are:
1. The Edwardian age covers a transitional time between Victorian stability and the impending Holocaust of the first World War.
2. The first noble prize were awarded in 1901.
3. In 1902 the second Boer War in South Africa split Britain into anti and pro – war factions and the conflict eventually resulted in power reduction of the Parliamentarians.
4. Women ‘s social and political union founded in Manchester in 1903.
5. “First Congress for Freudian Psychology” was held in Salzburg in 1908.
6. The first transatlantic wireless signal were sent by Guglielmo Marconi.
7. Pablo Picasso started “cobism” between 1907 and 1911.
8. Albert Einstein published his theory of relativity in 1905.
9. Earnest Rutherford published his book on radioactivity.
10. The Write Brothers invented the airplane engine and flew for the time in 1908.
11. The Old age Pension Act was passed in 1908. It begin as one of the foundations of modern welfare.
And many more facts also influenced this age literature.

Major Writers of the Period and Their Major Works:
George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950)
He started writing in the previous age . He is a modern dramatist , famous for his drama of ideas.
“The  Devil’s Disciples” (1901)
“Caesar and Cleopatra” (1901)
“The Philanderer “ (1902)
“Man and Superman” (1903)
Joseph Conrad (1857-1924)
“Lord Jim” (1900)
“Heart of Darkness” (1902)
“Typhoon” (1903)
“Nostromo” (1904)
“The Secret Agent”(1907)
“The Mirror of the Sea” (1906)
Rudyard Kipling (1865-1901)
“Just So Stories” (1902)
“Kim” (1901)
“Puck of Pool ‘s Hill” (1906)
John Killington Synge (1871-1909)
“ In the Shadow of the Glen” (1903)
“Riders to the Sea” (1904)
“The Wall of the Saints “ (1905)
“The Playboy of the Western World “ (1907)
Edward Morgan Frosted (1879-1970)
“Where Angles Fear to Tread “ (1905)
“A Room with a View” (1908)
Main literary features the Age:
1. The chance in economy brought new-found wealth and new demands. Literature of the time reflects indulgent in cuisine, fashion, entertainment and travels.
2. Advances in science had profound effect on life and literature. Automobile, electricity, radio , film , etc. opened new possibilities for art and artists.

3. The writer ‘s attitude to the voice of the authority is critical Unlike the submissive attitude of the Victorian writers.

4. The Victorian style still continues

5. Women issue come to light in literary works.

6. The poor finds a stronger voice in literature.

7. Emphasize on moral conduct and prudery declines.

8. Great Awareness of human rights Influences writings.

9. The advice of psychoanalysis has a deep impact on the creative works of this period.

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