Jacobean Period.

History of Jacobean Age history of english literature jacobean age

This age is named after the name of James I who reigned over England from 1603 to 1625. The word ‘Jacobean' is derived from ‘Jacobus' , the Latin version of James. Some historians like to call the last five years of this age as a part of another age which they call the 'Puritian age' (1620-1660) . They call it is so because between 1620 to 1660 'Puritianism' become the driving force in the life and literature of England.

 Important facts Which influenced the literature of this period are:
Colonial territories were expanded.
Religious conflict that subsidised in the Elizabethan Age , revived in this period . Protestants were divided into three sects: 1/ Anglicans, 2/ Presbyterians 3/ ‘Puritianis
Renaissance ‘s influence continued.
Scotland was brought under the rule of the King of England.

Major Writers of the Period and Their Major Works:
Shakespeare (1564-1616)
His major works
Ben Jonson (1573-1637)
He started writing in Elizabethan age wrote his famous plays in this period
“Volpone” (1605)
“The Silent Woman” (1609)
“The Alchemist” (1610)
Francis Bacon (1561-1626)
Continued his writing in this period
“Advancement of Learning” (1605)
“Novum Orgum” (1620)
Some new essays were added to the new edition of his
“Essays” (1625)
King James I , known as the Wisest Fool, instituted  the transaction of the Bible into English in 1611. “The Authorized King James Bible” appears in 1611 and its language become the benchmark of English language.
John Wester (1580-1625)
“The White Devil” (1612)
“The Duchess of Malfi” (1614)

John Donne (1572-1631) and George Herbert (1593-1633), the metaphysical poets, started writing in this period.

Main literary features of the Period:
1. The elegance and Felicity of Elizabethan verse disappear.
2. The platonic idealism which had been the main spirit of the Elizabethan Age almost dies out.
3. Renaissance ‘s spirit still remains the main influence.
4. Drama continues to dominate the literary scene
5. Classical rules of drama are maintained by Ben Jonson.
6. Poetry takes a new and startling turn.
7. Decadence of art begins.
8. English language develops further.
9. Masque is invented.
10. Satiric art begins.

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