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8/24/2018

History of Caroline Age

Caroline age  This age is named after the name of Charles I who reigned over England from 1625 to 1649. “Caroline”is derived from “Charolus”, the Latin version of “Charles” . This age is also a part of the Puritan Age (1620-1660).  The important facts which influenced the literature of this period are: 1. There was a civil war between “Cavaliers” and “Roundheads” . Those who supported the King were called “Cavalier”. Most of them were Lords and their dependants. Most of them were Puritans. A group of lyric poets associated with the “Cavaliers” are called “Cavalire poets” .  Richard Lovelace , Sir John Suckling, Robert Herrick and Thomas Carew were the members of this group. These poets are also called “Sons of Ben” as they were  the admirers and followings of Ben Jonson. Their poems are trivial, gay, witty and often licentious. 2. In 1642 English theatre was officially closed. On 14th June 1642 Licensing Order for printing was passed. 3. The Cavaliers were defeated; King was caught and publicly beheaded on 30th January, 1649. His death marked the dissolution of monarchy for the time being  4. English colonies were further expanded. 5. Oliver Cromwell emerged as a Puritan leader and came to power in 1649. Major Writers of the Period and Their Major Works: Donne and Herbert continued writing their metaphysical poetry. Henry Vaughan (1621-95) and Andrew Marvell (1621-1678) also wrote metaphysical poetry. • John Milton (1608-74) “Camus” (1634) “Lycidas” (1637) “Of Education” (1644) “Areopagitica” (1644)  Main literary features of the Age:  1. Drama declines significantly 2. Literature reflects revival and moral and intellectual awakening. 3. Elizabethan enthusiasm and national spirit disappear. 4. Literary scenario is overshadowed by gloom and pessimism. 5. Critical and intellectual spirit replaces natural outpouring of heart. 6. Renaissance 's influence continues. 7. Three types of poetry appear : Puritan Poetry , metaphysical poetry and Cavalier poetry. 8. Cavalier poets appear and disappear; their straightforward , erotic short poems with the motto “carpe diem” disappear with them. 9. Sermons , pamphlets, history and philosophy are written in prose.
John Donne

This age is named after the name of Charles I who reigned over England from 1625 to 1649. “Caroline”is derived from “Charolus”, the Latin version of “Charles” . This age is also a part of the Puritan Age (1620-1660).


The important facts which influenced the literature of this period are:

1. There was a civil war between “Cavaliers” and “Roundheads” . Those who supported the King were called “Cavalier”. Most of them were Lords and their dependants. Most of them were Puritans. A group of lyric poets associated with the “Cavaliers” are called “Cavalire poets” .  Richard Lovelace , Sir John Suckling, Robert Herrick and Thomas Carew were the members of this group. These poets are also called “Sons of Ben” as they were  the admirers and followings of Ben Jonson. Their poems are trivial, gay, witty and often licentious.
2. In 1642 English theatre was officially closed. On 14th June 1642 Licensing Order for printing was passed.
3. The Cavaliers were defeated; King was caught and publicly beheaded on 30th January, 1649. His death marked the dissolution of monarchy for the time being
4. English colonies were further expanded.
5. Oliver Cromwell emerged as a Puritan leader and came to power in 1649.


Major Writers of the Period and Their Major Works:

Donne and Herbert continued writing their metaphysical poetry. Henry Vaughan (1621-95) and Andrew Marvell (1621-1678) also wrote metaphysical poetry.
John Milton (1608-74)
“Camus” (1634)
“Lycidas” (1637)
“Of Education” (1644)
“Areopagitica” (1644)


Main literary features of the Age: 

1. Drama declines significantly
2. Literature reflects revival and moral and intellectual awakening.
3.Elizabethan enthusiasm and national spirit disappear.
4. Literary scenario is overshadowed by gloom and pessimism.
5. Critical and intellectual spirit replaces natural outpouring of heart.
6. Renaissance 's influence continues.
7. Three types of poetry appear : Puritan Poetry , metaphysical poetry and Cavalier poetry.
8. Cavalier poets appear and disappear; their straightforward , erotic short poems with the motto “carpe diem” disappear with them.
9. Sermons , pamphlets, history and philosophy are written in prose.




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