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8/13/2018

Edmund Burke's attitude to India


    Edmond Burke’s speech on the “East India Bill”  deals with the British colonial rule over India. He was deeply moved by the sufferings of Indians under the rule of East India company. Buke calls for Reform in the British Eastern administration. He thinks that the reform should be made for the sake of humanity, Justice, and principles of true policy. In the speech Burke has presented India in graphic details including its history, geography, territorial vastness, culture, ethnicity etc.    India is a great empire. It is geographicall very important. In the northern part of it is a solid mass of land , about eight hundred miles in length, and four or five hundred miles broad. Towards the southward, it becomes narrower. It afterwards dilated. Bangal, Bihar , and Orissa, with Benares measure 161,978 square miles; it is a territory considerably lerger than the whole kingdom of France. Oude, with its dependent provinces, is 53,286 square miles , not a great deal less than England. The Carnatic, with Tanjour and the Circars, is 65, 948 square miles; it is considerably lerger than England. Thus, India is a vast territory strictly ruled by the East India company.    India has vast population. The population of this great empire is not easy to calculated. The population of India is not at much less than thirty millions, more than the four times the number of persons in the island of Great Britain. The do not consist of an abject and Barbaraous populace. They are much  less of gangs of Savages, like the Guaranies and Chiquitos  , who wandered on the waste Borders of the river Amazons, or the Plate . But they are civilized and cultivate people by all the arts of polished life.  In India , there  have been princes once of Great Dignity, authority , and opulence. There are the chief of tribes and nations.    To emphasise the importance of India, Burke compares it with the empire of Germany and with the Austrian dominions. He compares the Nowab of Oude with the King of Prussia and the Nowab of Arcot with the Elector of Saxony. Cheit Sing, the Rajah of Benares ranks with the prince of Hesse; and the Rajah of Tanjore to the Elector of Bavaria. The polygars and the northern zemindars, and other great chiefs, class with the rest of the Princes , Dukes, Counts, Marquisses, and Bishops in the empire.    Burke in his “Speech on East India Bill” presents the sufferings of the Indians at the hands of these who govern India. Shah Alam was the de facto Emperor of India. He was descendant of Tamerlane. He was amiable , pious , respectable and had profound interest in the Oriental literature and aesthetic. But was became victim to the East India s maladministration. Hafiz Reamet Khan ( 1710-1774) was a leading Rohilla chief . Shuja al Daula  invaded and slain him . His head was cut off and delivered for money to a barbarian. His children were seen bagging handful of rich through the English champ. The whole nation was massacred and the country was damaged by the invasion and turned into a dreary desert and jungle.    The natives of India were ruined by the Hypocrisy of the company. The first woman of Bangal dish as the Rani of Amboa , were ruined by the thoughtless trust in the Company’s honour and protection. Mohammed Reza Khan, the second Mussulman of Bengal was stripted of ( taken away ) all his employment and was reduced to the lowest condition for having been distinguished by the honour of the countenance and protection of the Court of Directors. His ancient rival for power , Rajah Nunducomar was hanged in the face of his people for  a pretended crime as a consequence of providing evidence against Hastings.    Thus , Burke vividly portraits India as a vast territory and the sufferings of the people here in order to reform the Company Government. He was deeply moved by the sufferings and grievance of the natives. He portraits the bleak picture of the India and its inhabitants with sympathy.


Edmond Burke’s speech on the “East India Bill”  deals with the British colonial rule over India. He was deeply moved by the sufferings of Indians under the rule of East India company. Buke calls for Reform in the British Eastern administration. He thinks that the reform should be made for the sake of humanity, Justice, and principles of true policy. In the speech Burke has presented India in graphic details including its history, geography, territorial vastness, culture, ethnicity etc.

India is a great empire. It is geographicall very important. In the northern part of it is a solid mass of land , about eight hundred miles in length, and four or five hundred miles broad. Towards the southward, it becomes narrower. It afterwards dilated. Bangal, Bihar , and Orissa, with Benares measure 161,978 square miles; it is a territory considerably lerger than the whole kingdom of France. Oude, with its dependent provinces, is 53,286 square miles , not a great deal less than England. The Carnatic, with Tanjour and the Circars, is 65, 948 square miles; it is considerably lerger than England. Thus, India is a vast territory strictly ruled by the East India company.

India has vast population. The population of this great empire is not easy to calculated. The population of India is not at much less than thirty millions, more than the four times the number of persons in the island of Great Britain. The do not consist of an abject and Barbaraous populace. They are much  less of gangs of Savages, like the Guaranies and Chiquitos  , who wandered on the waste Borders of the river Amazons, or the Plate . But they are civilized and cultivate people by all the arts of polished life.  In India , there  have been princes once of Great Dignity, authority , and opulence. There are the chief of tribes and nations.

To emphasise the importance of India, Burke compares it with the empire of Germany and with the Austrian dominions. He compares the Nowab of Oude with the King of Prussia and the Nowab of Arcot with the Elector of Saxony. Cheit Sing, the Rajah of Benares ranks with the prince of Hesse; and the Rajah of Tanjore to the Elector of Bavaria. The polygars and the northern zemindars, and other great chiefs, class with the rest of the Princes , Dukes, Counts, Marquisses, and Bishops in the empire.

Burke in his “Speech on East India Bill” presents the sufferings of the Indians at the hands of these who govern India. Shah Alam was the de facto Emperor of India. He was descendant of Tamerlane. He was amiable , pious , respectable and had profound interest in the Oriental literature and aesthetic. But was became victim to the East India s maladministration. Hafiz Reamet Khan ( 1710-1774) was a leading Rohilla chief . Shuja al Daula  invaded and slain him . His head was cut off and delivered for money to a barbarian. His children were seen bagging handful of rich through the English champ. The whole nation was massacred and the country was damaged by the invasion and turned into a dreary desert and jungle.

The natives of India were ruined by the Hypocrisy of the company. The first woman of Bangal dish as the Rani of Amboa , were ruined by the thoughtless trust in the Company’s honour and protection. Mohammed Reza Khan, the second Mussulman of Bengal was stripted of ( taken away ) all his employment and was reduced to the lowest condition for having been distinguished by the honour of the countenance and protection of the Court of Directors. His ancient rival for power , Rajah Nunducomar was hanged in the face of his people for  a pretended crime as a consequence of providing evidence against Hastings.

Thus , Burke vividly portraits India as a vast territory and the sufferings of the people here in order to reform the Company Government. He was deeply moved by the sufferings and grievance of the natives. He portraits the bleak picture of the India and its inhabitants with sympathy.

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